The following is a useful article by Fr. Joseph Huneycutt
With all the talk about “Swine Flu” (H1N1) and other communicable diseases, the question arises: “Can I get sick from the Chalice?” There is a one word answer to this, but more on that later. First, a few words about those who should not receive Holy Communion …
+ If you are Orthodox and not taking your spiritual life seriously;
+ If you are not living a life of faith and repentance;
+ If you have not been faithful in prayer in and worship;
+ If you refuse to forgive someone;
+ If you have not fasted;
+ If you have not made an honest effort to prepare yourself to receive the Body and Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ;
If any of the above is the case, you should not approach the chalice without first making a sincere confession. In reference to Holy Communion, St Paul writes: “For he who eats and drinks unworthily, eats and drinks condemnation to himself” (1 Corinthians 11:29).
Living a life of repentance means that you are making an honest effort to refrain from sin: fighting against temptations and the lusts of the flesh, abstaining from all sexual relations outside the Sacrament of Marriage, refraining from the poison of lies, gossip, cursing, and slander, avoiding excessive drinking, drug use, and other bad habits. It also requires that one be striving to better oneself spiritually, attending services regularly, confessing one’s sins, and making peace with one’s enemies.
To sum up: receiving communion means we are living our life in Jesus Christ.
According to Saint Paul in his first letter to the Corinthians (11:30), many of the people who received Communion in an unworthy manner would become weak, sick, or even would die. In the St John’s Gospel, we hear our Lord say to the Paralytic: “See, you are well! Sin no more, that nothing worse befall you” (John 5:14).
Can I get sick from the Chalice?
The answer is, simply, no.
We should not worry about transmission of germs through common use of sacred vessels that have held and touched “the divine, holy, pure, immortal, heavenly, life giving, and awesome Mysteries of Christ” (Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom). Further, Saint John in his Gospel quotes Jesus saying “Whoever eats My flesh and drinks My blood has eternal LIFE…” (John 5:54). Why would something that is LIFE-giving be the carrier of something that causes disease and death?
Besides, after everyone else receives Holy Communion, the priests and deacons consume the remainder of the chalice. The clergy, therefore, would be the recipients of a host of germs – from everyone! Yet, in truth, that which is in the consecrated chalice is the very Body and Blood of the Physician of our souls. He has trampled down death by death, and upon us, His faithful children, He has bestowed Life.
We can, however, get sick from contact with each other!
+ Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it.
+ Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. Alcohol-based hand cleaners (available in the narthex and in the basement) are also effective.
+ Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs spread this way.
+ If you are sick with flu-like illness, the Center for Disease Control (CDC) recommends that you stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone except to get medical care or for other necessities. (Your fever should be gone without the use of a fever-reducing medicine.)